Threats & Decline

In the past, most research in this area focussed on managed pollinators, principally honey bees,  but in the last decade studies of wild bees have been carried out the UK and the US as well as in Ireland.

Rarity and Decline in Irish Bumblebees, Fitzpatrick et al,, 2007

 Xerces Society Review of Bumblebee Decline, 2008

 Guardian May 9 2013 rare bee images & bee decline reports, US & UK